In light of Land of Hope’s particiaption at the Seoul Biennale of Architecture & Urbanism 2021, Studio Hartzema and FRESH were invited to write an essay for the publication of the Biennale.

A small excerpt can be found here:

Poetic imagination has usually been left unnoticed in view of the pragmatic needs of contemporary economic systems. Yet now, it is precisely this power of the imaginary that the project employs in order to question established historical conditions and to produce new inspiring images of a resilient future. Resorting to the poetics of experimental scenarios and large-scale visions appears to be a valid way of illustrating possible futures and inviting the viewer to become partaker in the unfolding of radical change. New narratives, “borrowing size” from cartography, art, philosophy and graphic design, facilitated the process of design synthesis and the creative assemblage of data, scenarios and images. This data-backed fictional approach eventually allowed for envisioning new systemic and spatial relationships, forming a well-grounded development logic for Randstad’s unbuilt space and “landing” the scenarios to real case study areas.

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